"We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars."
(我們都生活在陰溝里,但仍有人仰望星空。)— Oscar Wilde
  「道德頹廢,人心澆漓,物慾旺盛,精神生活貧瘠,不知永久大計,只圖眼前小利,墮落怠惰,腐敗、怠慢、虛榮、寡廉鮮恥
……。」蔣渭水1921年的叮嚀言猶在耳。
   每個時代,都是最壞與最好的年代,當今國家站在關鍵的十字路口,政府總負債高達二十兆元,每位國民背債上百萬元,面對全球化競爭、國際地位旁落、高失業率、薪資停滯、 年金財務危機、房價飆漲、城鄉差距、貧富懸殊、稅制不公、產業失衡、分配不均、物資高漲、環境破壞、農業失根、勞工權益、所得替代率過高、國教政策問題、新移民問題、族群分化、人口高齡化、少子女化、 學歷貶值、工作貧窮化、社會秩序瓦解……等重重嚴峻考驗。當社會漸多的亂源,陷入反智理盲、知法玩法、民粹鄉愿。台灣下一個十年、二十年,該何去何從?不可掉以輕心,重蹈冰島、希臘舉國破產覆轍。

        Every generation could be the best of times, also could be the worst of time, when the total debt of the government is up to 20 trillion NT dollars, and every citizen is in debt over one millions dollars, when it comes to issues like global competiveness, high percentage of unemployment, gap between urban and rural areas, disparity between the poor and the rich, imbalance of industry development, increasing price on daily essential, rising elderly population, declining birth rate and low salary, facing all of these phenomena, what should we do in the next decade of Taiwan?
  我們有壯麗的高山大海,但過度開發環境惡化。我們有美食王國之稱,但食安問題層出不窮。我們有民主制度,但缺乏公民意識覺醒。我們有言論自由,但媒體集體弱智帶來危機。我們有多元的族群,但種族歧視無所不在。 所謂「政客在乎的是下一次選舉,政治家關心的則是下一個世代。」這些惡果背後,是無數的政客貪婪私利而不擇手段、傷國害民,棄百姓不顧,壟斷國家前途。
  
出於淑世的熱切,對人民、土地與家園的關懷,甫自十六歲起,足跡遍訪台澎金馬蘭綠,至今長達十多年,行腳基層20萬多公里,一步一腳印,雖一己之力有限,卻是每位新生代的責任所在,透過民意調查、田野訪談及數據資料分析,以超然客觀 、公平正義的價值,研究台灣經貿發展、社會福利、農業政策、教育文化、多元族群等重大社會議題,建置《國情諮政白皮書》,觀察政策制度、民生民情與時局變遷、掌握社會脈動,尋找台灣未來的關鍵字,盼影響當代思潮,成為 下一輪世代的備忘錄。

 

I.〈影響總統施政民意因素在重大事件中之探討〉
〈Comparisons of the factors influencing President’s Approval Rating among Major Events

滿意度是民眾衡量服務的重要指標,歷來研究施政評價發現,影響滿意度的因素有在職時間、事件衝擊、政黨認同,以及人口基本變項(年齡、性別、教育程度、族群、居住地區),卻少有研究探討重大事件中人口變項與施政評價的關聯。本研究採實證研究途徑,研究民眾對於總統任內的重大事件評價,涵蓋民生事件、外交事件、司法事件、兩岸事件等議題。以人口變數做為影響總統施政滿意度、信任度與未來信心度的解釋變數,透過多元迴歸分析,以客觀性、可描述性、可統計性與可推論、檢驗性的特點,具有其代表性,值得未來施政借鏡,當重大事件發生時,能有效的掌握民意,以達治國之用。

People are the basis of a country. The presidential approval rating reflects people’s perception toward the president’s performance. Research on presidential approval rating is a relatively new topic in Taiwan, therefore leads to inadequate research on major events. The target of this research is to investigate comparisons of the factors influence president’s approval rating among major events, including domestic, diplomatic, judicial and cross-straits relationship.
By adopting empirical study and secondary research methodology, the purpose of this study is to analyze factors related to presidential approval ratings, trust and confidence in the future, according to poll results published by Television Broadcasts Satellite (TVBS) network between 2008 and 2015.
The independent variable is demographic variable, as well as the dependent variables is in satisfaction, trust and confidence in the future. The scope of this research includes the United States beef imported to Taiwan (domestic event), the project benevolence and friendship (diplomatic event), ex-Cabinet official indicated for corruption (judicial event), and cross-strait agreement on trade in services (cross-straits relationship event).
Through the method of multiple regressions, the study finds that the socio-demographic variables of party identification and education level have significant influence on presidential approval ratings in four major events. People with higher education are more dissatisfied with the president. The Pan-Blue Coalition believes in president much firmly than other coalition. The study finding may serve as a guide for further research on execution and research on approval rating.

II.〈高科技中小企業創新策略、成功關鍵與績效關聯之探討〉
〈Investigation on hi-tech SME innovation strategies, keys to success and connections of performances〉

世界經濟論壇(WEF)指出「全球競爭力指標」由三大類指標組成,涵蓋基本需要、效率增強及創新因素等。產業國際化的潮流下,資本結構急速的變遷,台灣高科技中小企業的代工地位逐漸被他國取代,面臨他國的成本競爭、區域經貿整合等變革,中小企業的處境比以往更為艱困。如何進行創新研究,以全球化的思維提升創新能力、掌握核心資源,為企業創造更大的價值,成為關鍵課題。分析高科技中小企業創新研究的策略管理,探究國內、外有關企業創新、衡量績效因子及台灣高科技中小企業創新研究發展趨勢、實證研究與相關文獻。建構創新過程中帶來成功的關鍵因素,評選出高科技中小企業創新其主要關鍵因子。以層級分析法,針對確定的層級架構之影響因素,提供高科技中小企業,在未來創新相關策略與政策上擬定參考。

In the trend of globalization, while facing changes in cost competition, regional economy and trade integration, the environment becomes tougher for SMEs. To investigate on domestic and international industrial innovation, and to evaluate on the performance and innovation development tendency, therefore build up the key elements to success, and to provide innovative strategies and policy references in future.
III.〈美國總統Buch、Clinton與Obama兩岸政策對台之影響〉
〈The effect of the U.S. president Buch, Clinton and Obama’s cross-strait policy to Taiwan〉
本文主要探討美國歷任三屆總統對台灣的政策轉變,布希總統主政四年間,採取雙軌兩岸政策,平穩的現實主義,扮演兩岸平衡者角色,柯林頓八年期間初期對中國採取過度的理想主義,接著與中國全面來往的政策,第二任期則更接近中國,指出「三不政策」,當時台灣政府提出的兩國論也讓兩岸陷入緊張關係。歐巴馬則以全球的戰略布局考量,上任後遇到內部的金融危機,因此維持台灣大陸的和平現況,比較分析美國作為兩岸平衡的角色,如何有利兩岸互動與對話。

To investigate policy change during former and present president of the U.S., as president Bush adopted the double track policy to maintain the balance between China and Taiwan, and president Clinton adopted idealism policy and had no limitation on interaction with both sides, while president Obama adopts global strategy, to compare and analyze the roles of America in balancing cross-strait.

IV.〈小泉與安倍政府之台日經貿合作關係比較〉
〈Comparisons on the economic and trade collaboration and relationship between Japan and Taiwan under administration of Japanese prime ministers Koizumi and Abe〉

2005年「美日二加二聲明」後,亞太局勢發生重大變化,中國崛起帶來的諸多不確定因素,影響亞太政經環境的變化。日本前後任的首相小泉純一郎與安倍晉三,在自民黨內屬同一派系,具有極右派的價值觀,比較研究分析,小泉與安倍政府,對於台灣的政策決策過程中有何差異與應對。如何建立日台雙方的互信機制,在重大事件中的決策過程與態度。

The prime ministers of Japan: Koizumi Junichiro and Abe Shinzo, who are in the same faction in LDP and share the same Far Right values, to compare and investigate their policy differences to Taiwan, therefore establish mutual trust system and the decision procedure in major events.

V.〈臺灣總體經濟受油電雙漲之影響程度分析〉
〈Analysis on the impact of higher gas and electricity rates on Taiwan macroeconomics〉

各大產業都與油電價格密切關連,其價格上漲不僅影響物價,更對台灣經濟表現造成衝擊,油電雙漲導致萬物皆漲、民怨四起,研究指出,油價漲一成,使台灣消費者物價指數(CPI)增加0.357%,國內生產毛額(GDP)成長率降低0.26個百分點。研究2008年第一季到2014年的四季,以國際油價、貨幣利率、CIP、失業率等模型進行驗證分析,研究油價與CPI、WPI和失業率、通貨膨脹之間的關係,同時探討高度仰賴油電之產業新的因應策略,以提高生產力創造新的契機。
Higher gas and electricity rates lead to inflation rate increase, Taiwan is roiling with discontent. The study started from 1st season of 2008 until 4th season of 2014, analysis and examination with modelling of international fuel price, currency interest, CIP and unemployment rate, to figure out relative policies in industies with highly dependence on fuel, therefore create new possibilities and chances.


VI.〈中、越、印三國新移民配偶對台灣認同價值之研究〉
〈Investigation on the recognition values of new immigrants from China, Vietnam and India〉

2006年台灣總結婚對數中,配偶為外籍配偶占17%左右,其中以中國、越南、印尼比例最高,本文以質性研究,透過深度訪談,探討新移民配偶落地深根的過程中,其家庭生活狀況、婚姻調適歷程,以及文化認同之建立過程,以及面對溝通困難、陌生環境、社會網絡薄弱等問題時,有何改善之方法,進而對未來新移民政策發展提出建言。

Apply the methods of qualitative research and in-depth interviews, to discuss families of new immigrants, and the process of marriage adjustment and recognition in different culture, how they face the difficulties of communication, unfamiliar environment and weak linkage of social network, therefore come up with strategy suggestion to improve the situation, and to offer advice in the future policy on new immigrants.

VII.〈Light up不一樣的親子教育〉
〈Alternatives of educating children〉

「現在的小孩不知道都在想什麼啊!」這是大多數家長的語氣。
「現在的小孩不知道都在想什麼呢?」這是一個即將成功的家長語氣。
人才的培育過程中,教育是關鍵一環,涵蓋了家庭教育、學校教育、社會教育等領域。家庭教育更是每個人社會化過程的第一步,在瞬息萬變的新世代,親子教育成為棘手的問題,三萬多字專文探討,分別從詢問(ask)、學習(study)到觀察(observe)三個歷程,了解親子教育過程中的現象,以言教、身教與境教,協助子女適性發展,達到親職教育的具體效果。

Family education is the first step in the process of socialization, in this changing rapidly generation, educating children becomes a tough issue, monograph in 30 thousand words to discuss in children education, to education by precept, parents’ own experiences and situation stimulation, assisting children develop their personality properly, and to achieve actual effects.

VIII.〈從十二年國教政策執行反思台灣教育困境與對策〉
〈Introspection on educational problems and solutions of Taiwan from practice of strategy to the twelve-year public education program〉
十二年國教倉促上路後,更突顯了諸多台灣教育長久以來的問題與矛盾,尤其是眾人擔憂的多元入學誤成了多「圓」入學。教育應須具有社會階層流動的功能,當制度出現問題時,將導致階層調節的機制失衡,導致社會的不安,上萬字專文探討,探討學生、家長與老師該如何因應,政府合理分配資源、課程學以致用導向、多元價值創造等觀念與作法上的轉變參考。

Since the strategy to the twelve-year public education program had been executed hastily, it revealed long term problems and contradiction in education, monograph in more than 10 thousand words to discuss in how students, parents and teachers deal with this phenomena, and to offer the government the references in assigning resources reasonably, and adjust curriculum to enable students to study for the purpose of application, and methodology to stimulate multiple values and concepts creation.


IX.〈海峽兩岸經濟合作架構協議(ECFA)對台灣就業市場之衝擊〉
〈The impact of Economic cooperation framework agreement (ECFA) to Taiwan employment〉

2010年6月起簽訂《海峽兩岸經濟合作架構協議》(Cross-Straits Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement,簡稱ECFA),展開後續貨品貿易、服務貿易、投資保障及爭端解決協議協商。以降低雙方關稅,以達到區域自由貿易,台灣勞工勢必面臨新一波的產業轉型。本文重新檢視台灣的產業政策,探討ECFA對國內就業的衝擊,以及如何採取配套政策因應,提出更周全的對應方案。

ECFA (Cross-Straits Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement)was signed in Jun. 2010, the trades and services cooperation therefore began, aimed to reduce tariffs of cross-strait and to achieve regional free trade; to discuss on the impact of employment and the supporting policies therefore strengthen the effects of the strategy.

X.〈後WTO時代台灣農業發展變遷與願景〉
〈The changes and perspectives of Taiwan agricultures in pt-WTO era〉

2002年台灣成為世界貿易組織會員國,對農業造成巨大衝擊,探討 十多年來的發展過程中,農業所面臨進口產品競爭、對外經貿開放等挑戰,檢討不合時宜的農業政策,從短中長期調整生產結構,強化農業創新,從「六級產業化」創造優勢,活化 台灣農業。

Taiwan joined WTO in 2002, to discuss the competition to imported products and challenges of open to foreign trade over the decade, to review the inappropriate policies that do not meet the development of current events and society change, therefore to adjust the production structure from short/middle terms, and to strengthen agricultural innovation.

XI.〈台灣貧富差距現象成因與對策〉
〈The reasons of disparity between the poor and the rich and related policies〉
全球化競爭浪潮、泡沫經濟化等諸多影響,台灣貧富差距急速擴大中,從2008年的65倍差距到2011年96倍,所得分配異常懸殊,除了外在大環境的衝擊,政府不當的政策更加速所得分配的惡化,本文從五個階段觀察理解貧富差距的成因,並從教育、稅制、福利制度等面向提出對策,建議政府與NPO未來縮短貧富差距之可行方向。

The disparity between the poor and the rich is rapidly expanding; the statistical number was 65 times differences 2008, until 2011 it became 96 times differences, the improper policies accelerate the deterioration of income assignment, therefore to observe the reasons behind the formation of disparity between the poor and the rich in five stages, and to offer relative suggestions on education, tax and welfare system changes.

XII.〈A Review of Organizing for innovation: When is virtual virtuous?

XIII.〈The Critical Quality Attributes of the New Product Development Model

In the global market, enterprises are facing fierce competition, rapid changes
in technology, as well as shorten the life cycle of the product, as the result, the new
product development (NPD) has become an important issue for enterprises.
In the development of new products, enterprises should consider various
factors, including technology, competitors, customers, costs, resources and other
factors. (Thomas,1993) Each company is committed to the development of
successful products, but there are still many examples of failures. No one
deliberately designed a bad product, most of the designers believe that they do their
best to design the ideal product which should be welcomed by the market, but
ultimately failed. Many designers think that one of the reasons for the failure is that
the final product has a huge gap with the original ideal design.
From the ideal design to the products, there are many procedures, there are
numerous reasons will lead to the gap. There are some processes that help to reduce
the gap between design and finished products, but others are the opposite. In this
paper, we will try to construct a design to the product model, find out the factors
between the process, and study the influence of the factors on the design to the
product is positive, negative or neutral. This paper has the following objectives:
    -- Construct the new product development model and find out the
influencing factors.
    -- Analysis of the influencing factors in phase stage are positive factors,
negative factors (gaps) or neutral factors.
    -- After analyzing the attributes of influencing factors, we can consider
how to increase the positive factors and reduce the negative factors, in
order to increase the success probability of the products.

XIV.〈Review of Customer Power, Strategic Investment, and the Failure of Leading Firms.

XV.〈A Study of the Relationship among R&D investment, Patent innovation and Enterprise Value: An Empirical Research of Smart Grid Industry in Taiwan

National Applied Research Laboratories (NAR Labs) in 2015 released “Analysis of Taiwan's Competitiveness in Science and Technology”. The results indicate that in recent years, Taiwan's top three areas in patents with most investment and influential, including the technical impact indicators are electrical machinery, apparatus energy (6,480 cases), semiconductors (6,300 cases) and machine tools (709 cases).
The fields of electrical machinery and apparatus energy is the highest number of patents and the relative influence. The electrical machinery and apparatus energy include many industries, but according to the Chi research, the hot spot patent method, which was tools to predict the next generation of technology. It was found that in the 2008 and 2009’s hot patents worldwide, the third highest field is UPC324754 "Electricity: Measurement and test / probe".
The total number of patents and influence of the patent field: UPC324754 are both increasing while compare the period of 2005-2009 with 2000-2004 by the RTA index in Taiwan. Measuring, testing and probing electricity is one of the important components of the smart grid. Therefore, the smart grid is an important trend in the world, and there are lots of patents in Taiwan.
The definition of "smart grid" by IEEE refers to the use of digital technology to upgrade the transmission and distribution network, in order to achieve the most optimal operation, and increase the energy market flexibility, then induce a number of the new markets which related to the smart grid.
Smart Grid deployment is imperative, not only in the United States but also around the globe. However, the smart grid is a revolutionary cause of the new communications and control capabilities, energy, generation model and adhere to cross jurisdiction regulatory structure. There are six categories be classified in Taiwan Smart Grid Industry: AMI Infrastructure System, Distribution Feeder Automation System, Smart Home and Building System, Micro Grid System, Smart Transmission System and Energy Storage System.
In globalization and increasing hyper competition, companies requiring disruptive innovation and jumping to a new S-curve even more critical in nearly every industry. Matthyssens et al. (2006) stresses the importance of value innovation to create and sustain competitive advantage and to rejuvenate the organization.
In this paper, we will discuss the relationship among the R&D investments in the enterprise, patent innovation, and enterprise value in the rapidly changing environment of the smart energy industry, the relationship, whereby research to help companies understand the value of the patent lies. This paper has the following objectives:
    -- The influence of enterprise R & D investment on Patent Innovation.
    -- The influence of patent innovation on enterprise value.
    -- The impact of R&D investment on enterprise value through patent
innovation.
In the past studies, they were more concerning in the relation between patent and company performance, more emphasis in the patent numbers and accounting of enterprise performance of the semiconductor industry. This study is focus on the smart grid industry and has joined with the discussion of patent quality, and is different from the enterprise value.